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Throughout the Montessori classroom language is constantly heard and expressed. Many materials and activities are designed to develop and refine the sensory-motor skills necessary for reading and writing. Children progress in language (as well as in the rest of the Montessori classroom) from the visual to the intellectual, from the concrete to the abstract, utilizing self-correcting materials. For language development, phonics is the approach used to teach reading and writing that focuses on the sounds of letters and syllables. It is now widely accepted as one of the best methods for developing early literacy. Montessori schools have been utilizing phonics and achieving significant results with it for over one hundred years. Teachers take note of each child’s state of language. Children are presented with language materials individually to allow the teacher to take advantage of each child’s greatest periods of interest. Reading instruction begins when the child wants to know what a word says. Writing nearly always precedes reading in the Montessori environment.